Arp, Jean

(1887-1966)
   sculptor
   An avant-garde sculptor, painter, and poet, Jean Arp was born in Strasbourg and studied art in Paris and Weimar, then later painted in Switzerland for a number of years. By 1912, he had become associated with the Blue Rider (Der Blaue Reiter) group of experimental artists in Munich. During World War I, he found refuge in Zurich, Switzerland, where he helped launch the revolutionary dadaist movement with such artists as Ball, Janco, Huelsenbeck, and Tzara. By 1917, Arp's own style of art had evolved to the abstract and curvilinear forms that characterized his later work. in 1924, in Paris, he became associated with the surrealists and their style and began producing painted wooden bas-reliefs and cut-cardboard constructions. By the 1930s, he was working in freestanding carved and molded sculpture in various substances. An example is his biomorphic form Human Construction (1935). He has also worked in collage and gouache, as well as lithography and engraving. A poet and essayist, Arp, recalling his bilingual Alsatian background, referred to himself as both "Jean" and "Hans." In 1921, he married Sophie Taeuber, a Swiss artist and one of the earliest painters of geometric abstraction.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Arp,Jean — Arp (ärp), Jean or Hans 1887 1966. French artist and a founder of Dada. He is particularly noted for his abstract reliefs and three dimensional sculptures. * * * …   Universalium

  • Arp, Jean — known as Hans Arp born Sept. 16, 1887, Strassburg, Ger. died June 7, 1966, Basel, Switz. French painter, sculptor, and poet. After studying in Weimar, Ger., and at the Académie Julian in Paris, he became involved in the most important movements… …   Universalium

  • Arp, Jean — llamado Hans Arp (16 sep. 1887, Estrasburgo, Alemania–7 jun. 1966, Basilea, Suiza). Pintor, escultor y poeta francés. Después de estudiar en Weimar, Alemania, y en la Academia Julian en París, participó en los movimientos artísticos más… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Arp, Hans — Arp, Jean …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Jean Arp — Pastor de Nubes (1953), Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas Nombre real Hans (Jean) Arp Nacimiento 16 de septiembre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jean Arp — Arp Skulptur „Wolkenhirt“ (1953) auf dem Campus der Universität Caracas Hans oder Jean Arp (* 16. September 1886 in Straßburg; † 7. Juni 1966 in Basel) war ein deutsch französischer Maler, Bildhauer und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arp — [ȧrp] Jean [zhän] 1887 1966; Fr. painter & sculptor, born in Alsace: also Hans Arp …   English World dictionary

  • Arp — (Jean ou Hans) (1886 1966) sculpteur, peintre et poète (Jours effeuillés, 1966) français qui participa aux mouvements Dada et surréaliste. Ses sculptures, non figuratives, sont un jeu de formes simples …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jean Arp — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Arp. Jean ou Hans Arp …   Wikipédia en Français

  • jean — jeaned, adj. /jeen/ or, for 1, Brit. formerly /jayn/, n. 1. Sometimes, jeans. a sturdy twilled fabric, usually of cotton. 2. jeans, (used with a pl. v.) a. See blue jeans. b. pants of various fabrics, styled or constructed like blue jeans. Cf.… …   Universalium

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